From Congo to Mzansi

African Migration Map



Map showing early migrations from Central Africa to South Africa

Southwards Migrations

From the beginning of human history, people have moved, or migrated, from one location to other locations.

Generally speaking, "migration" in its broadest meaning – spatial mobility – can be regarded as part of the human condition. As with other social processes, forms, scale and directions of migration are heavily influenced by the political, economic, cultural, ecological and the social context in which migration occurs (Bade 2000, 11).

Between 1000-1800 AD, East Africa experienced a wave of migrations from different parts of Africa. The African People from the Congo or the Niger-Delta-Basin were the first to arrive, followed bythe Luo from Bahr el Ghazel in Southern Sudan and then the Nguni from Southern Africa.

In the Great Lakes region of sub-equatorial central to east Africa around the areas know known as Nigeria and Cameroon, lived a large number of native people of different origin which were collectively labelled as Bantu by European anthropologists. The term Bantu is derived from the Zulu collective noun for ‘people’, the term is also used in scholastic circles to differentiate black languages from the Bushmen click – tongue languages.

Among the Bantu tribes were our Zulu ancestors, the Nguni people. When the Iron Age dawned on the Great Lakes region from two to three thousand years ago, it resulted in a time of plenty for the Bantu, the population exploded and was fuelled by their advantage in agriculture and livestock. This expansion of both people and livestock inevitably led to the quest for more land, and triggered what is today famously known as the Bantu migrations.

It is believed that rather than travelling en masse, there were waves of migration (refer to map above), one moving through the east of Africa and the other making its way through the centre of the continent. There was no central authority at this time, it is known however that our Zulu ancestors were more than likely with the waves that travelled down the eastern part of Africa. Towards the beginning of the 15th century the first of the Eastern bound Nguni people settled in a valley about 25 miles west of the present Imfolozi reserve, and south of the White Imfolozi River.

Further north another wave of immigrants settled in the land between the Black Imfolozi and the present -day Swaziland border. Many also put down roots in the lush northeaster quadrant and were united under the king who lent the region its name – Maputaland. 

Related information can be accessed from
http://www.eduplace.com/kids/socsci/ca/books/bkf3/imaps/AC_06_206_bantu/AC_06_206_bantu.html
http://www.south-africa-tours-and-travel.com/bantu.html
http://swazinet.com/bantu-migration/

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Veronica | Reply 13.03.2017 15.36

Ngicela owaziyo izithakazelo zakwa Mbazo angisize ngazo ngiya cela bantu abahle

Siyabonga Nxumalo | Reply 20.10.2016 16.20

This is just a legend, not a true reflection of African history.

Zeelo | Reply 17.03.2016 18.38

I don't believe part of the history. It gives southern Africans the status of immigrants. Remember, most of it comes from white sources.

Thandeka | Reply 11.03.2016 19.05

Ngicela ukwazi ongangicebisa ngesisho esingasho ukuthi, iGoli laziwa njengendawo engenawo unembeza

Celani Makhanya | Reply 02.03.2016 11.29

Makhanya history

imvelaphi yakwa mzimela | Reply 21.02.2016 09.51

imvelaphi yakwa mzimela nezithakazelo

KHULANI 14.02.2017 21.29

basuka kwa QWABE.babanga inxeba lenyamazane nenyeindlu bephume inqin ,inkosi yabakhipha kwagumede babaabakwa MZIMELA umfowabo yena waba UCHILI

sandile nsutsha | Reply 25.01.2016 08.33

Sanibona ngifuna ukwazi imvelaphiyami ngingowakwa nsutsha ngicela ningisize ngezithakazelo zami angizaziqobo ngiyobatshelani kodwa abantabami

Siphamandla Ntsuntsha 22.11.2016 15.24

Nsutsha gininda ginindumuntu ngomkhonto wenongawele zibuko owela ngezihlengela zomfula dosadabule onjengofuzane nkunzezimbili kazihlali zahlala zaqhunsuzana

Zwakele Msane | Reply 21.10.2014 11.42

Among the Bantu tribes were our Msane ancestors, the Nguni people. When the Iron Age dawned on the Great Lakes region from two to three thousand years ago, ....

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Latest comments

24.09 | 12:44

I wanna if there is any clan name called mgwena

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21.09 | 00:31

yimuphi umahluko phakathi kwezaga nezisho

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19.09 | 23:15

Kindly send me more or any information in detail about my surname Manyathela

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19.09 | 12:16

Ngicela ningiphe izibongo zakwa Twala nemvelaphi yazo

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