Izibongo nezithakazelo

Izibongo nezithakazelo

SURNAMES: Each family would have a surname by which it would be known. These surnames originated from the names of people who were actually living at some stage in the past. Each surname would represent a clan and its kingdom. An example of this would be the Maqadini , Mabomvini, Machunwini, Ndwandwe, Mazibuko clans, etc.

PRAISE NAMES: Each surname would have a praise name, isithakazelo. Praise names come about in many ways. What is of importance about them is that they show the genealogy, relation and importance of family members. Praise names were another way of remembering deceased family members. Sometimes the praise name would function as a surname. For example the Ndlela surname would be the praise name for the Ntulis or the Mwelase surname would be the Mazibuko's praise name.

THE FUNCTION OF PRAISE NAMES: Praise names can be used to show respect. In Zulu culture it is rude to simply call a person by name. That is why praise names are important because they take the place of a person's name. As a result you may find a that a person is no longer called by his name but by his praise name. For example, a person whose name is Joe Mazibuko would be called Nzima.

The praise name is used to call out when a person arrives at someone's home before proceeding inside. This is done to respect or praise the people carrying that name. For example if you are visiting the Mazibukos you would salute them as Ee! Mwelase!

Praise names are also used for married women. This is used to recall or respect the woman's family. For instance a Khumalo bride would be referred to as MaMntungwa.

It is important for a Zulu person to know his/ her praise name. This helps prevent a person marrying his/ her relation. It also helps a person know his/ her origin.

Here are some of the praise names:

- Buthelezi - Shenge, Sokwalisa
- Cele - Ndosi, Dubandlela
- Dlomo - Mkhabela, Dinangwe
- Hadebe - Mthimkhulu, Bhungwane
- Jali - Bhengu, Ngcolosi
- Khuzwayo - Qwabe, Gumede
- Langa - Sothole, Ngwane
- Mazibuko - Mwelase, Nzima, Phuthini, Mgabhi, etc.
- Mjwara -Mbelu, Mnangwe
- Nxumalo -Ndwandwe, Mkhatshwa
- Qwabe - Gumede
- Sibiya - Sotobe, Ndaba
- Thwala - Mnyamande, Motha
- Zuma - Msholozi, Cebekhulu

Izimbongi zamakhosi akwaZulu


“The role of an Imbongi is a responsible one in African society, for it involves articulating the feelings of the community, and encapsulating these sentiments in concise poetic phrases. Not only does the Imbongi praise, but must also ponder, even offer criticism.

KwaZulu inkosi nenkosi iba nomQaphi noma abaQaphi bayo, ababizwa ngokuthi
izimbongi. Nazi izingwazi ezivelayo emlandweni wakwaZulu, ezenza umsebenzi wobumbongi ngendlela encomekayo:

 

INKOSI

IMBONGI

uShaka kaSenzangakhona

·         UMshongweni

uDingane kaSenzangakhona

·         UMagolwana Jiyane

uMpande kaSenzangakhona

·         UMagolwana Jiyane

uCetshwayo kaMpande

·         UMahlangeni KhumaIo

·         UMagqayingana kaLutholude

·         UKlwanakaNgqengelele

uDinizulu kaCetshwayo

·         USehla kaNdengezi

·         UHlamlana kaMbangezeli

uZwelithini kaBhekuzulu

·         UNtulizenkosi Dlamini

·         UNomahhekle Gwala

·         UBuzetsheni Mdletshe

(Fakude,2000).

Imbongi in full regalia

Izibongo zikaShaka kaSenzangakhona

Izibongo lezi zinomlando wokuhlabana, wobuqhawe, wobuchule, wokunqoba, wobunzulu, besizwe, bamakhosi oselwa, bamathongo kanye nabo bonke abasadla amabele. Yingakho-ke zincoma nje, zigxibha nje, zinqanda nje, zilawula, zikhomoza izihlabani nezahluleki kokubi nokuhle ezikwenzayo esizweni. (Khumalo, 1993:76).

IZIBONGO ZIKASHAKA

UDlungwana kaNdaba!
UDlungwana woMbelebele,
Odlung' emanxulumeni,
Kwaze kwas' amanxulum' esibikelana.

UNodumehlezi kaMenzi,
USishaka kasishayeki kanjengamanzi,
Ilemb'eleq' amany'amalembe ngokukhalipha;
UShaka ngiyesab' ukuthi nguShaka,
UShaka kuyinkosi yasemaShobeni.

UNomakhwelo ingonyama;
UMahlom' ehlathini onjengohlanya,
Uhlany' olusemehlwen' amadoda.

UDabaz' ithafa ebeliya kuMfene;
UNomashovushovu kaSenzangakhona,
UGaqa libomvu nasekuphatheni.

UBholokoqa bazalukanisile,
Zalukaniswe uNoju noNgqengenye,
EyakwaNtombazi neyakwaNandi;
Yayikhiph' eshoba libomvu,
Ikhishwa elimhlophe lakwaNandi.

Bambiz' eMthandeni beyisela,
Bathi 'Singesinelane neNtungwa lasenhla',
Kanti uzawudl' uPhakathwayo emphindelweni.

UVumavumane lukaphephe,
UDlungwana wavuma na?
Umvumeleni uGodolozi,
Ethi ngowanganeno kwaNandi,
Kant' ukude kwaNtombazana?
Ilanga eliphahl' elinye ngemisebe,
Kalokhu liphahl' eliseMthandeni.

Amazwi mabili engiwabongayo,
Ngibong' elikaMpandaba nelikaNdungenkomo,
Bethi "Ucu aluhlangan' entanyeni";
Akenibuze kwabaseZinkondeni,
Bath'uHilwayo bayakumhlaba kwaHlokohloko,
Kwaf' amasi kwaf' uqephe.

Teku lwabafazi bakwaNomgabhi,
Betekula behlez'emlovini,
Beth' uShaka kakubusa kakuba nkosi,
Kant' unyakan' uShaka ezakunethezeka.

Inkom' ekhal' eMthonjaneni,
Izizwe zonke ziyizwil' ukulila,
Izwiwe uDunjwa waseluYengweni,
Yezwiwa uMangcengeza wakwaKhali.

UMlilo wothathe kaMjokwana;
UMlilo wothathe ubuhanguhangu,
Oshis' izikhova eziseDlebe,
Kwaya kwasha neziseMabedlana.

Odabule kuNdima noMgovu,
Abafaz' abenendeni baphuluza;
Imikhubulo bayishiy' izinqindi,
Imbewu bayishiya semahlangeni,
Izalukazi zasala semanxiweni,
Amaxhegu asala semizileni,
Iziqu zemithi zabheka phezulu.

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Mlungisi Steven Gumede | Reply 25.08.2015 20.34

Ngicela ukwazi izithakazelo zakwa Gumede nezakwa Nkala

Mlungisi Steven Gumede | Reply 25.08.2015 20.30

Gumede is my moms surname but I use it and also my children and my father is Nkala and I also want to know about Nkala clan and Gumedes clan

F Mdakane | Reply 18.08.2015 10.11

Ngicela ukwazi izithakazelo noma izibongo zakwa Mdakane

makhadani | Reply 17.08.2015 15.29

Ngicela ukwazi isithakazelo noma izibongo zakwa Sibuyi no nkosi soShangane

albert ngubeni | Reply 12.08.2015 20.21

Ngicela ukwazi ngemvelaphi yesbongo sakwa Ngubeni

Mandla | Reply 11.08.2015 21.24

Ngicela ukwazi imvelaphi ngesibongo sakwa Mabena

zodwa | Reply 24.07.2015 21.28

Ngicela.ukwazi imvelaphi yesibongo.sakwaMazibuko

jabulani | Reply 22.07.2015 10.05

Isibongo sakwa Mandlazi KwaZulu

st thwala sthembiso | Reply 20.07.2015 18.19

Please anyone who knows the history of the thwala clan and its clan names. Ngyabonga

bafana | Reply 14.07.2015 10.12

Bengicela ukwazi isithakaazelo sakwaPhungwayo

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