Izibongo nezithakazelo

Izibongo nezithakazelo

SURNAMES: Each family would have a surname by which it would be known. These surnames originated from the names of people who were actually living at some stage in the past. Each surname would represent a clan and its kingdom. An example of this would be the Maqadini , Mabomvini, Machunwini, Ndwandwe, Mazibuko clans, etc.

PRAISE NAMES: Each surname would have a praise name, isithakazelo. Praise names come about in many ways. What is of importance about them is that they show the genealogy, relation and importance of family members. Praise names were another way of remembering deceased family members. Sometimes the praise name would function as a surname. For example the Ndlela surname would be the praise name for the Ntulis or the Mwelase surname would be the Mazibuko's praise name.

THE FUNCTION OF PRAISE NAMES: Praise names can be used to show respect. In Zulu culture it is rude to simply call a person by name. That is why praise names are important because they take the place of a person's name. As a result you may find a that a person is no longer called by his name but by his praise name. For example, a person whose name is Joe Mazibuko would be called Nzima.

The praise name is used to call out when a person arrives at someone's home before proceeding inside. This is done to respect or praise the people carrying that name. For example if you are visiting the Mazibukos you would salute them as Ee! Mwelase!

Praise names are also used for married women. This is used to recall or respect the woman's family. For instance a Khumalo bride would be referred to as MaMntungwa.

It is important for a Zulu person to know his/ her praise name. This helps prevent a person marrying his/ her relation. It also helps a person know his/ her origin.

Here are some of the praise names:

- Buthelezi - Shenge, Sokwalisa
- Cele - Ndosi, Dubandlela
- Dlomo - Mkhabela, Dinangwe
- Hadebe - Mthimkhulu, Bhungwane
- Jali - Bhengu, Ngcolosi
- Khuzwayo - Qwabe, Gumede
- Langa - Sothole, Ngwane
- Mazibuko - Mwelase, Nzima, Phuthini, Mgabhi, etc.
- Mjwara -Mbelu, Mnangwe
- Nxumalo -Ndwandwe, Mkhatshwa
- Qwabe - Gumede
- Sibiya - Sotobe, Ndaba
- Thwala - Mnyamande, Motha
- Zuma - Msholozi, Cebekhulu

Izimbongi zamakhosi akwaZulu


“The role of an Imbongi is a responsible one in African society, for it involves articulating the feelings of the community, and encapsulating these sentiments in concise poetic phrases. Not only does the Imbongi praise, but must also ponder, even offer criticism.

KwaZulu inkosi nenkosi iba nomQaphi noma abaQaphi bayo, ababizwa ngokuthi
izimbongi. Nazi izingwazi ezivelayo emlandweni wakwaZulu, ezenza umsebenzi wobumbongi ngendlela encomekayo:

 

INKOSI

IMBONGI

uShaka kaSenzangakhona

·         UMshongweni

uDingane kaSenzangakhona

·         UMagolwana Jiyane

uMpande kaSenzangakhona

·         UMagolwana Jiyane

uCetshwayo kaMpande

·         UMahlangeni KhumaIo

·         UMagqayingana kaLutholude

·         UKlwanakaNgqengelele

uDinizulu kaCetshwayo

·         USehla kaNdengezi

·         UHlamlana kaMbangezeli

uZwelithini kaBhekuzulu

·         UNtulizenkosi Dlamini

·         UNomahhekle Gwala

·         UBuzetsheni Mdletshe

(Fakude,2000).

Imbongi in full regalia

Izibongo zikaShaka kaSenzangakhona

Izibongo lezi zinomlando wokuhlabana, wobuqhawe, wobuchule, wokunqoba, wobunzulu, besizwe, bamakhosi oselwa, bamathongo kanye nabo bonke abasadla amabele. Yingakho-ke zincoma nje, zigxibha nje, zinqanda nje, zilawula, zikhomoza izihlabani nezahluleki kokubi nokuhle ezikwenzayo esizweni. (Khumalo, 1993:76).

IZIBONGO ZIKASHAKA

UDlungwana kaNdaba!
UDlungwana woMbelebele,
Odlung' emanxulumeni,
Kwaze kwas' amanxulum' esibikelana.

UNodumehlezi kaMenzi,
USishaka kasishayeki kanjengamanzi,
Ilemb'eleq' amany'amalembe ngokukhalipha;
UShaka ngiyesab' ukuthi nguShaka,
UShaka kuyinkosi yasemaShobeni.

UNomakhwelo ingonyama;
UMahlom' ehlathini onjengohlanya,
Uhlany' olusemehlwen' amadoda.

UDabaz' ithafa ebeliya kuMfene;
UNomashovushovu kaSenzangakhona,
UGaqa libomvu nasekuphatheni.

UBholokoqa bazalukanisile,
Zalukaniswe uNoju noNgqengenye,
EyakwaNtombazi neyakwaNandi;
Yayikhiph' eshoba libomvu,
Ikhishwa elimhlophe lakwaNandi.

Bambiz' eMthandeni beyisela,
Bathi 'Singesinelane neNtungwa lasenhla',
Kanti uzawudl' uPhakathwayo emphindelweni.

UVumavumane lukaphephe,
UDlungwana wavuma na?
Umvumeleni uGodolozi,
Ethi ngowanganeno kwaNandi,
Kant' ukude kwaNtombazana?
Ilanga eliphahl' elinye ngemisebe,
Kalokhu liphahl' eliseMthandeni.

Amazwi mabili engiwabongayo,
Ngibong' elikaMpandaba nelikaNdungenkomo,
Bethi "Ucu aluhlangan' entanyeni";
Akenibuze kwabaseZinkondeni,
Bath'uHilwayo bayakumhlaba kwaHlokohloko,
Kwaf' amasi kwaf' uqephe.

Teku lwabafazi bakwaNomgabhi,
Betekula behlez'emlovini,
Beth' uShaka kakubusa kakuba nkosi,
Kant' unyakan' uShaka ezakunethezeka.

Inkom' ekhal' eMthonjaneni,
Izizwe zonke ziyizwil' ukulila,
Izwiwe uDunjwa waseluYengweni,
Yezwiwa uMangcengeza wakwaKhali.

UMlilo wothathe kaMjokwana;
UMlilo wothathe ubuhanguhangu,
Oshis' izikhova eziseDlebe,
Kwaya kwasha neziseMabedlana.

Odabule kuNdima noMgovu,
Abafaz' abenendeni baphuluza;
Imikhubulo bayishiy' izinqindi,
Imbewu bayishiya semahlangeni,
Izalukazi zasala semanxiweni,
Amaxhegu asala semizileni,
Iziqu zemithi zabheka phezulu.

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musawenkoai | Reply 20.07.2016 13.57

Where do Surname Masango come from

samantha | Reply 30.05.2016 09.13

I would like to find out the Thusi's forenames nor clan i want to impress someone special please assist ASAP

Lerato Kasa | Reply 13.05.2016 08.31

Why do u have to distort information this much, because u included pure Hlubis in your list of Zulus. I think its a sign of desperation and intention to conquer

hlengiwe chiliza | Reply 11.05.2016 00.02

Please if someone can help me i wanna know the praise names for the mbesa surname. Thank you.
hlengiwe chiliza.

Philani Doyisa | Reply 20.04.2016 12.33

Please assist me, I would love to know the origin of Doyisa surname, where does it come from?

Thandazani Madida | Reply 16.04.2016 19.51

I would like to know the origin of surname Madida.

Bongani Nsuntsha | Reply 18.03.2016 00.40

I would like to know the origin of the surname Nsuntsha. How is it related to Nhlapho if it is related

L.J NHLAPO 01.04.2016 03.26

HI BONGANI,TO BE FAIR NHLAPHO IS NOT A SURNAME BUT A NATION WHICH LIVED IN SOUTHERN AFRICA SOME THOUSAND OF YEARS AGO(abaTHWA),your email pls i will tell .

Marcelino Nxumalo | Reply 14.03.2016 12.48

I would like to know why the Nxumalos of Northern Swaziland refuse to be refered to as Mkhatshwas

Marcelino Nxumalo 14.03.2016 14.35

I belong to the Nxumalo Clan of Lwandle, Swaziland. My grandfather was born of Mathina Nxumalo, son of Nkamane. Please help from Nkamane up until Zwide?

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